Plant growth regulators and Axl and immune checkpoint inhibitors from the edible mushroom Leucopaxillus giganteus.

Malya IY et al.

 2020 Mar 21:1-7.


A novel compound, (R)-4-ethoxy-2-hydroxy-4-oxobutanoic acid (1), and six known compounds (2-7) were isolated from the fruiting bodies of the wild edible mushroom Leucopaxillus giganteus. The planar structure of 1 was determined by the interpretation of spectroscopic data analysis. The absolute configuration of 1 was determined by comparing specific rotation of the synthetic compounds. In the plant regulatory assay, the isolated compounds (1-7) and the chemically prepared compounds (8-10) were evaluated their biological activity against the lettuce (Lactuca sativa) growth. Compounds 1 and 3-10 showed the significant regulatory activity of lettuce growth. 1 showed the strongest inhibition activity among the all the compounds tested. In the lung cancer assay, all the compounds were assessed the mRNA expression of Axl and immune checkpoints (PD-L1, PD-L2) in the human A549 alveolar epithelial cell line by RT-PCR. Compounds 1-10 showed significant inhibition activity against Axl and/or immune checkpoint.

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